What Is Abstract Art?
Abstract art is the type of art that involves the use of colors, forms, shapes, and lines to express a creativity that may stem from or utterly divergent from the visual references of our world to inspire curiosity behind the artist’s imagination. Abstract art promotes the expression of imagination and the creation of something that is unique in the world.
Abstract artists leave the viewers to define or interpret their works of art, upholding one of the principles behind abstract art that “reality is subjective” and individuals can define it according to their perception or experience. Abstract art is a non-representational practice that embraces departure from accurate representation, and the departure may be partial, slight or complete.
How It Started
Abstract art has existed since the 19th century but became famous in the early 20th century after Realism had lost its appeal among the Avant-garde artists of that period. However, abstract art had the challenge of providing clear analysis and understanding through the use of lines, colors, and shapes, which were not previously recognized in the art.
Meanwhile, Impressionism became one of several art movements that started using abstraction in art. It drew an inference from Expressionism by focusing on some formal elements to distort realistic representation through an emphasis on portraying light. Like other artistic practices, abstract art also has underlying issues that influence it, most of which are cultural and political reasons.
Due to the First and Second World War, several of Europe’s foremost artists fled their homes and sought asylum in America. Among those artists are Marcel Duchamp, Arshile Gorky, and Wassily Kandinsky whose works reflected their reactions to the changes in their situations. Wassily Kandinsky had an opinion that visual art could also have elements like color, form, and emotion like music; and in 1911, he created his first abstract artwork and subsequent works focused on non objective abstract art.
Another factor that influenced and accelerated the growth of abstract art is the freedom that the artists of the 19th century enjoyed to create works that promoted their interests within the new modern world. They had their works commissioned by the public and patrons, and that gave them more freedom to intensify the essentials of the principle of abstract art.
Historically, abstract art has connections to European art and certain religions like Islamic art where images and texts are valued for their beauty, i.e., calligraphy.
Famous Abstract Painters
The list of famous abstract painters is inexhaustible, but some of them are Joan Miro, Mark Rothko, Gerhard Richter, Bridget Riley, Piet Mondrian, Helen Frankenthaler, Jackson Pollock, Kazimir Malevich, and Wassily Kandinsky whose works promoted the non objective abstract art.
Among the leading Chicago abstract artists are Jonathan Stein, Gino Savarino, Natasha Kohli, Brigitte Wolf, and Kathy Blankley Roman.
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